Geography of SingaporeGeography of Singapore


A tropical island just a degree north of the Equator, Singapore is shaped like a diamond that’s been elongated on the sides. At just over 700 square kilometres in area and a mainland of approximately 50 kilometres from east to west, Singapore is definitely not a large country. For such a tiny island though, it manages to fit in plenty of interesting geography.

To the north of Singapore is Peninsula Malaysia, connected to Singapore via two causeways, and separated by the Straits of Johor. Across the Singapore Strait to the south is Batam, a small island of Indonesia, which is accessible by a short one-hour ferry ride.

Beyond the mainland, Singapore's territory includes about 63 smaller islands (Pulau, in Malay) surrounding it. Probably the most well-known of these is Sentosa, south of the mainland: a resort island that is home to golf courses, historical sites, theme parks, an integrated resort, a residential community, hotels, beaches and restaurants. Sentosa is connected to the main island via a causeway, as well as ferry, cable car and train.

For a much more wild experience, check out Singapore’s other well-known island: Pulau Ubin. North east of Singapore, Pulau Ubin is a bird-watcher’s paradise and part of the Ubin-Khatib Important Bird Area which sees a huge variety of native as well as migratory bird species. Pulau Ubin is also home to a rare sight in Singapore: a kampung, or traditional Malay village, and is a popular spot for cycling, camping and walking.

Apart from Sentosa, other notable members of Singapore's southern islands are the Sisters’ Islands, Pulau Hantu and St John’s Island. These largely undeveloped islands are part of a fascinating ecosystem with coral reefs that support endangered species of seahorses, clams and sponges.

Walking and cycling trails along the Singapore River make it an ideal place to spend a morning or evening in Singapore. Finish your journey at Marina Bay by heading to the top of Marina Bay Sands for dinner or a drink – or simply visiting the Observation Deck, where you’ll be able to see the southern waters and islands of Singapore, as well as the port and coastline of this fascinating island. 

Although Pulau Hantu is located in close vicinity to the Pulau Bukom's refineries, diversare able to spot rich marine life and reef collection. The high density of divers has led to some coral damage. However, it is still the best and nearest spot for scuba diving in Singapore.